The following instructions cover the starting procedures for reciprocating, turboprop, and turbojet engines. These procedures are presented only as a general guide for familiarization with typical procedures and methods. Detailed instructions for starting a specific type of engine can be found in the manufacturer's instruction book.

Before starting an aircraft engine:

1. Position the aircraft to head into the prevailing wind to insure adequate air flow over the engine for cooling purposes.

2. Make sure that no property damage or personal injury will occur from the propeller or propeller blast.

3. If external electrical power is used for starting, make sure that it can be removed safely.

4. During any and all starting procedures a "fireguard" equipped with a suitable fire extinguisher shall be stationed in an appropriate place. ("Fire guard" - someone familiar with aircraft starting procedures. "Fire extinguisher" - a CO2 extinguisher at least of 5 lb capacity. "Appropriate place" - adjacent to the outboard side of the engine, in view of the pilot, and also where he can observe the engine/aircraft for indication of starting problems.)

5. If the aircraft is jet engine powered, the area in front of the jet inlet must be kept clear of personnel, property and/or debris. Also, the exhaust area must be kept clear.

6. These "before starting" procedures apply to all reciprocating, turbopropeller and turbojet powerplants.