Mechanical cleaning materials must be used with care and in accordance with directions given, if damage to finishes and surfaces is to be avoided.
Mild Abrasive Materials
No attempt is made in this section to furnish detailed instructions for using various materials listed. Some do's and don'ts are included as an aid in selecting materials for specific cleaning jobs.
Powdered pumice is used for cleaning corroded aluminum surfaces. Similar mild abrasives may also be used.
Impregnated cotton wadding material is used for removal of exhaust gas stains and polishing corroded aluminum surfaces. It may also be used on other metal surfaces to produce a high reflectance.
Aluminum metal polish is used to produce a high luster, long lasting polish on unpainted aluminum clad surfaces. It should not be used on anodized surfaces because it will remove the oxide coat.
Three grades of aluminum wool, coarse, medium, and fine, are used for general cleaning of aluminum surfaces. Impregnated nylon webbing material is preferred over aluminum wool for the removal of corrosion products and stubborn paint films and for the scuffing of existing paint finishes prior to touchup.
Lacquer rubbing compound material can be used to remove engine exhaust residues and minor oxidation. Heavy rubbing over rivet heads or edges where protective coatings may be worn thin should be avoided.
Abrasive papers used on aircraft surfaces should not contain sharp or needlelike abrasives which can imbed themselves in the base metal being cleaned or in the protective coating being maintained. The abrasives used should not corrode the material being cleaned. Aluminum oxide paper, 300 grit or finer, is available in several forms and is safe to use on most surfaces. Type I, Class 2 material under Federal Specification P-C-451 is available in 1 1/2 and 2 inch widths. The use of carborundum (silicon carbide) papers should be avoided, particularly on aluminum or magnesium. The grain structure of carborundum is sharp, and the material is so hard that individual grains will penetrate and bury themselves even in steel surfaces. The use of emery paper or crocus cloth on aluminum or magnesium can cause serious corrosion of the metal by imbedded iron oxide.