Working drawings must give such information as size of the object and all of its parts, its shape and that of all of its parts, specifications as to the material to be used, how the material is to be finished, how the parts are to be assembled, and any other information essential to making and assembling the particular object.
Working drawings may be divided into three classes: (1) Detail drawings, (2) assembly drawings, and (3) installation drawings.
A detail drawing is a description of a single part, given in such a manner as to describe by lines, notes, and symbols the specifications as to size, shape, material, and methods of manufacture that are to be used in making the part. Detail drawings are usually rather simple; and, when single parts are small, several detail drawings may be shown on the same sheet or print. (See detail drawing at the top of figure 2-1.)
An assembly drawing is a description of an object made up of two or
more parts. Examine the assembly drawing in the center of figure 2-1.
It describes the object by giving, in a general way, the size and shape.
Its primary purpose is to show the relationship of the various parts. An
assembly drawing is usually more complex than a detail drawing, and is
often accompanied by detail drawings of various parts.
An installation drawing is one which includes all necessary information for a part or an assembly of parts in the final position in the aircraft. It shows the dimensions necessary for the location of specific parts with relation to the other parts and reference dimensions that are helpful in later work in the shop. (See installation drawing at the bottom of figure 2-1.)