Chapter 1. Introduction Chapter 1. Introduction
Section 1. General
1-1-1 Purpose

 This order prescribes air traffic control procedures and phraseology for use by personnel providing air traffic control services. Controllers are required to be familiar with the provisions of this handbook that pertain to their operational responsibilities and to exercise their best judgment if they encounter situations that are not covered by it.

1-1-2 Distribution

 This order is distributed to selected offices in Washington Headquarters, Regional Offices, the Technical Center, and the Aeronautical Center. Also, copies are sent to all air traffic control facilities, all international aviation field offices, and the interested aviation public.

1-1-3 Cancellation

{New-98-3 Revised February 26, 1998}
 FAA Order 7110.65J, Air Traffic Control, dated July 20, 1995, and all changes to it are canceled. FAA Order 7110.65K, Air Traffic Control, dated July 17, 1997, was canceled by GENOT, N 7100.21, dated July 4, 1997.

1-1-4 Explanation of Major Changes

{New-98-3 Revised February 26, 1998}
 The significant changes to this Order are identified in the Explanation of Changes page(s). It is advisable to retain the page(s) throughout the duration of the Basic Order. If further information is desired, direct questions through the appropriate facility/region staff to the office shown in parentheses following the change.

1-1-5 Effective Date

{New-98-3 Revised February 26, 1998}
 This order is effective February 26, 1998.

1-1-6 Recommendations for Procedural Changes

 a. Personnel should submit recommended changes in procedures to facility management.
 b. Recommendations from other sources should be submitted through appropriate FAA, military, or industry/user channels to Headquarters, FAA; Director of Air Traffic, AAT-1, attention ATO-100.

1-1-7 Publication and Delivery Dates

{New-98-3 Revised February 26, 1998}
 a. This order and its changes are scheduled to be published according to TBL 1-1-1.

Table 1-1-1
Publications Timetable
                          Cutoff date      Effective Date of
       Basic or Change   for submission       Publication
       ---------------   --------------    -----------------
        7110.65L Basic       8/13/97             2/26/98
          Change 1           2/26/98             8/13/98
          Change 2           8/13/98             1/28/99
          Change 3           1/28/99             7/15/99
        7110.65M Basic       7/15/99             2/24/00

 b. If an FAA facility has not received the order/changes at least 30 days before the above effective dates, the facility shall notify its regional distribution officer.
 c. If a military facility has not received the order/changes at least 30 days before the above effective dates, the facility shall notify its appropriate military headquarters. (See Table 1-1-2).

Table 1-1-2
     Military Headquarters
     U.S. Army, USAASA
        (703) 806-4868

{New-98-3 Revised February 26, 1998}
     U.S. Air Force
        Contact Local *NIMA Customer Account Representative

     U.S. Navy, CNO (N885F)
     (703) 614-2710
   *NIMA - National Imagery and Mapping Agency

1-1-8 Procedural Letters of Agreement

   Procedures/minima which are applied jointly or otherwise require the cooperation or concurrence of more than one facility/organization must be documented in a letter of agreement. Letters of agreement only supplement this order. Any minima they specify must not be less than that specified herein unless appropriate military authority has authorized application of reduced separation between military aircraft.
FAAO 7110.65, ATC Service, paragraph 2-1-1.
FAAO 7210.3, Letters of Agreement, paragraph 4-3-1.

1-1-9 Constraints Governing Supplements and Procedural Deviations

 a. Exceptional or unusual requirements may dictate procedural deviations or supplementary procedures to this order. Prior to implementing supplemental or any procedural deviation that alters the level, quality, or degree of service, obtain prior approval from the Director of Air Traffic, AAT-1.
 b. If military operations or facilities are involved, prior approval by the following appropriate headquarters is required for subsequent interface with FAA: (See Table 1-1-3).

Table 1-1-3
      U.S. Navy:
         CNO (OP-554)

{New-98-3 Revised February 26, 1998}
      U.S. Air Force:
         HQ AFFSA/XA
         1535 Command Drive,
         Suite D302,
         Andrews AFB, MD  20762-7002

      U.S. Army:
         USAASA (MOAS-AS)
         9325 Gunston Road Suite N319
         Ft. Belvoir, VA 22060-5582
Terminal: Headquarters USAF has delegated to major air commands authority to authorize base commanders to reduce same runway separation standards for military aircraft. These are specified and approved by affected ATC and user units. When applied, appropriate advisories may be required; e.g., "(Ident) continue straight ahead on right side; F-16 landing behind on left." "(Ident) hold position on right side; F-5 behind on left."
FAAO 7110.65, Use of Active Runways, paragraph 3-1-3.