Many runways or landing areas are such that landings must be made while the wind is blowing across rather than parallel to the landing direction; therefore, all pilots should be prepared to cope with these situations when they arise. The same basic principles and factors involved in a normal approach and landing apply to a crosswind approach and landing. Therefore, only the additional techniques required for correcting for wind drift are discussed here.
Crosswind landings are a little more difficult to perform
than are crosswind takeoffs, mainly due to different problems involved
in maintaining accurate control of the airplane while its speed is decreasing
rather than increasing as on takeoff.
There are two usual methods of accomplishing a crosswind approach and landing - the crab method, and the wing low method. Although the crab method may be easier for the pilot to maintain during final approach, it requires a high degree of judgment and timing in removing the crab immediately prior to touchdown. The wing low method is recommended in most cases although a combination of both methods may be used.