Maneuvering by Reference to Ground Objects Maneuvering by Reference to Ground Objects

   These maneuvers, referred to as "ground track" or "ground reference" maneuvers, are performed at a relatively low altitude while applying wind drift correction as needed to follow a predetermined track or path over the ground. They are designed to develop the ability to control the airplane, and recognize and correct for the effect of wind while dividing attention among other matters. This requires planning ahead of the airplane, maintaining orientation in relation to ground objects, flying appropriate headings to follow a desired ground track, and being cognizant of other air traffic in the immediate vicinity.

   During these maneuvers, pilots should be alert for available forced landing fields. Due to the altitudes at which these maneuvers ar performed, there is little time available to search for a suitable field for landing in the event the need arises.