3 Phase I. The Airplane and Pilot Under Instrument Flight Conditions.

Ground Training

 1. Physiological Factors Related to Instrument Flying.
  a. Adjustment to the flight environment.
   (1) Ground habits -vs- flight habits.
   (2) Individual differences.
   (3) Importance of physiological factors to the instrument pilot.
  b. Reactions of the body to pressure changes.
   (1) Aerotitis.
   (2) Aerosinusitis.
  c. Reaction of the body to changes in oxygen partial pressure.
   (1) Hypoxia.
   (2) Carbon monoxide.
   (3) Alcohol.
   (4) Hyperventilation.
   (5) Drugs.
  d. Sensations of Instrument Flying.
   (1) Body senses.
   (2) Spatial disorientation.
   (3) Illusions.

 2. Aerodynamic Factors Related to Instrument Flight.
  a. Fundamental aerodynamics.
   (1) Airfoils and relative wind.
   (2) Angle of attack.
   (3) Lift/weight, thrust/drag.
   (4) Stalls.
  b. Application of fundamentals to basic maneuvers.
   (1) Straight-and-level flight.
    (a) Airspeed.
    (b) Air density.
    (c) Aircraft weight.
   (2) Climbs/descents.
   (3) Power, airspeed, and vertical speed.
   (4) Power, airspeed, and elevator control.
   (5) Turns.
   (6) Trim.
    (a) Skids/slips.
    (b) Coordination.
 3. Flight Instruments.
  a. Source of power.
  b. Function.
  c. Construction.
  d. Operation.
  e. Limitations.
 4. Aircraft Control.
  a. Attitude instrument flying..
   (1) Cross-checking (scanning).
   (2) Interpretation.
   (3) Control.
  b. Analysis of basic maneuvers.
   (1) Straight and level.
   (2) Climbs and descents.
   (3) Turns.
   (4) Climbing and descending turns.
 5. Basic Radio.
  a. Radio waves, frequency assignment, and characteristics.
  b. Ground facilities and radio class designations.
   (1) VORTAC.
   (2) Marker beacons (Location markers).
   (3) Homing beacons.
   (4) DF facilities.
   (5) ILS.
   (6) Radar.
  c. Airborne equipment.
   (1) Antennas and sources of power.
   (2) Navigation receivers.
    (a) ADF.
    (b) VOR/ILS.
    (c) RNAV.
    (d) Transponder.
   (3) Communications transmitters and receivers.
    (a) Tuning.
    (b) Use.