4 Phase II. Regulations, Procedures, and Operational Aspects of Instrument Flying.

 1. Applicable Regulations and Manuals (FAR, AIM, Airport/Facility Directory, Graphic Notices and Supplemental Data, Notices to Airmen).
 2. Aircraft.
  a. Certificates and documents.
  b. Equipment.
   (1) VOR checks - VOT, etc.
   (2) ADF checks.
   (3) Altimeter
   (4) Transponder
   (5) Communication checks
 3. Airman.
  a. Pilot certificates and ratings (FAR 61).
  b. Recency of experience.
  c. Instrument rating knowledge, experience, and skill requirements.
   (1) Logging instrument time.
   (2) Simulator time.
   (3) Flight instruction.
 4. General Operating and Flight Rules.
  a. FAR 91.
  b. Publications - AIM - chart reading.
 5. Air Traffic Control Procedures.
  a. Visual flight on VFR and IFR flight plans.
  b. Instrument flight.
   (1) Airport traffic control.
   (2) Enroute traffic control.
   (3) Clearances.
   (4) Communications - frequency use.
   (5) IFR reports.
   (6) Special restrictions on air traffic.
    (a) ADIZ.
    (b) Prohibited, restricted, and warning areas.
   (7) Terminal traffic control.
  c. Composite flight plan.
 6. Weather - Fundamentals.
  a. Earth's atmosphere.
  b. Temperature.
  c. Pressure.
  d. Wind.
  e. Moisture.
  f. Stability and instability.
  g. Clouds.
  h. Air masses and fronts.
  i. Turbulence.
  j. Icing.
  k. Thunderstorms.
  l. IFR producers.
 7. Navigation.
  a. Dead reckoning - computer.
  b. Radio Navigation - ADF, VOR, RNAV, Radar.
   (1) Orientation.
   (2) Bearings.
   (3) Time/distance from station.
   (4) Course interception.
   (5) Tracking/homing.
   (6) Establishing fixes.
   (7) Station passage.
   (8) Waypoints.
 8. Flight Planning and Inflight Procedures.
  a. Departure, destination, and alternate airport data and requirements.
   (1) Landing aids.
   (2) Communications facilities.
   (3) Weather services.
   (4) Airport data.
  b. Charts, route, and altitudes.
   (1) Understanding and use of Enroute Low Altitude Charts.
    (a) Routes.
    (b) Intersections.
    (c) Facilities.
   (2) Minimum IFR altitudes.
  c. Application of weather information to flight planning.
   (1) Sources of weather information - forecaster, FSS, telephone, radio.
   (2) Operational weather data.
    (a) Weather charts: surface analysis, weather depiction, radar summary, prognostic, winds and temperatures aloft, freezing level, stability, constant pressure.
    (b) Weather forecasts: Area, terminal, winds aloft.
    (c) Weather reports: Aviation weather, PIREPs, RAREPs, observed winds aloft.
   (3) Choice of alternate.
  d. Enroute radio aids.
   (1) Navigation aids.
    (a) Range: VOR (accuracy of VOR radials).
    (b) Location markers.
    (c) Homing facilities.
    (d) D/F facilities (Airport/Facility Directory)
    (e) Radar.
    (f) DME.
   (2) Communications.
    (a) Facilities.
    (b) Frequencies.
  e. Flight log entries and flight plan.
   (1) Reporting points, compulsory and noncompulsory.
   (2) Mileages.
   (3) Time estimates; ETAs between checkpoints, to destination, and alternate airport.
   (4) Groundspeed estimates.
   (5) Winds aloft data.
   (6) Navigation and communications frequencies.
   (7) Magnetic courses.
   (8) Fuel estimates.
   (9) Emergency reference data.
   (10) Methods of filing.
  f. Departure, holding, and arrival procedures.
   (1) Approach Procedure charts, enroute low altitude charts, area charts, preferred routes, SIDs, STARs.
   (2) Radar - terminal and enroute.
  g. Weather inflight.
   (1) VFR/IFR.
   (2) Weather services - FSS (scheduled and special broadcasts), PIREPs.
   (3) Effects of changing pressure and/or temperature on flight instruments.
   (4) Effects of weather on aircraft performance.
   (5) Procedures to be followed as a result of weather changes.
  h. Changes in flight.
   (1) Deviations from flight plan.
    (a) Time/airspeed tolerances (AIM).
    (b) Initiation or cancellation of IFR flight plan (AIM).
    (c) "VFR on top" operation.
    (d) Change in alternate.
    (e) Change in altitude.
    (f) Change in route.
   (2) Emergency procedures.
    (a) Equipment failure.
     1. Instrument - radar service.
     2. Radio navigation and/or communications.
     3. Airframe or powerplant.
    (b) Lost procedures.
     1. Emergency pattern for radar identification.
     2. Communications procedure.
     3. VHF/DF.
     4. Radar vectors.
  i. Transitions and Instrument Approaches.
   (1) ADF.
   (2) VOR.
   (3) ILS front and back course.
   (4) RNAV.
   (5) Missed approaches.
   (6) Radar