MAA- (See MAXIMUM AUTHORIZED ALTITUDE.)
MACH NUMBER- The ratio of true airspeed to the speed of sound; e.g., MACH .82, MACH 1.6. (See AIRSPEED.)
MACH TECHNIQUE [ICAO]- Describes a control technique used by air traffic control whereby turbojet aircraft operating successively along suitable routes are cleared to maintain appropriate MACH numbers for a relevant portion of the en route phase of flight. The principle objective is to achieve improved utilization of the airspace and to ensure that separation between successive aircraft does not decrease below the established minima.
MAHWP- Missed Approach Holding Waypoint
MAKE SHORT APPROACH- Used by ATC to inform a pilot to alter his traffic pattern so as to make a short final approach.
MAP- (See MISSED APPROACH POINT.)
MARKER BEACON- An electronic navigation facility transmitting a 75 mHz vertical fan or boneshaped radiation pattern. Marker beacons are identified by their modulation frequency and keying code, and when received by compatible airborne equipment, indicate to the pilot, both aurally and visually, that he is passing over the facility.
MAWP- Missed Approach Waypoint
MAXIMUM AUTHORIZED ALTITUDE- A published altitude representing the maximum usable altitude or flight level for an airspace structure or route segment. It is the highest altitude on a Federal airway, jet route, area navigation low or high route, or other direct route for which an MEA is designated in Part 95 at which adequate reception of navigation aid signals is assured.
MAYDAY- The international radiotelephony distress signal. When repeated three times, it indicates imminent and grave danger and that immediate assistance is requested.
MDA- (See MINIMUM DESCENT ALTITUDE.)
MEA- (See MINIMUM EN ROUTE IFR ALTITUDE.)
METEOROLOGICAL IMPACT STATEMENT- An unscheduled planning forecast describing conditions expected to begin within 4 to 12 hours which may impact the flow of air traffic in a specific center's (ARTCC) area.
METER FIX TIME/SLOT TIME- A calculated time to depart the meter fix in order to cross the vertex at the ACLT. This time reflects descent speed adjustment and any applicable time that must be absorbed prior to crossing the meter fix.
METER LIST DISPLAY INTERVAL- A dynamic parameter which controls the number of minutes prior to the flight plan calculated time of arrival at the meter fix for each aircraft, at which time the TCLT is frozen and becomes an ACLT; i.e., the VTA is updated and consequently the TCLT modified as appropriate until frozen at which time updating is suspended and an ACLT is assigned. When frozen, the flight entry is inserted into the arrival sector's meter list for display on the sector PVD/MDM. MLDI is used if filed true airspeed is less than or equal to freeze speed parameters (FSPD).
METERING- A method of time-regulating arrival traffic flow into a terminal area so as not to exceed a predetermined terminal acceptance rate.
METERING AIRPORTS- Airports adapted for metering and for which optimum flight paths are defined. A maximum of 15 airports may be adapted.
METERING FIX- A fix along an established route from over which aircraft will be metered prior to entering terminal airspace. Normally, this fix should be established at a distance from the airport which will facilitate a profile descent 10,000 feet above airport elevation [AAE] or above.
METERING POSITION(S)- Adapted PVD's/MDM's and associated "D" positions eligible for display of a metering position list. A maximum of four PVD's/MDM's may be adapted.
METERING POSITION LIST- An ordered list of data on arrivals for a selected metering airport displayed on a metering position PVD/MDM.
MFT- (See METER FIX TIME/SLOT TIME.)
MHA- (See MINIMUM HOLDING ALTITUDE.)
MIA- (See MINIMUM IFR ALTITUDES.)
MICROBURST- A small downburst with outbursts of damaging winds extending 2.5 miles or less. In spite of its small horizontal scale, an intense microburst could induce wind speeds as high as 150 knots
MIDDLE MARKER- A marker beacon that defines a point along the glideslope of an ILS normally located at or near the point of decision height (ILS Category I). It is keyed to transmit alternate dots and dashes, with the alternate dots and dashes keyed at the rate of 95 dot/dash combinations per minute on a 1300 Hz tone, which is received aurally and visually by compatible airborne equipment.
MILES-IN-TRAIL- A specified distance between aircraft, normally, in the same stratum associated with the same destination or route of flight.
MILITARY AUTHORITY ASSUMES RESPONSIBILITY FOR SEPARATION OF AIRCRAFT- A condition whereby the military services involved assume responsibility for separation between participating military aircraft in the ATC system. It is used only for required IFR operations which are specified in letters of agreement or other appropriate FAA or military documents.
MILITARY OPERATIONS AREA- (See SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE.)
MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES- Airspace of defined vertical and lateral dimensions established for the conduct of military flight training at airspeeds in excess of 250 knots IAS.
MINIMUM CROSSING ALTITUDE- The lowest altitude at certain fixes at which an aircraft must cross when proceeding in the direction of a higher minimum en route IFR altitude (MEA).
MINIMUM FUEL- Indicates that an aircraft's fuel supply has reached a state where, upon reaching the destination, it can accept little or no delay. This is not an emergency situation but merely indicates an emergency situation is possible should any undue delay occur.
MINIMUM IFR ALTITUDES- Minimum altitudes for IFR operations as prescribed in Part 91. These altitudes are published on aeronautical charts and prescribed in Part 95 for airways and routes, and in Part 97 for standard instrument approach procedures. If no applicable minimum altitude is prescribed in FAR 95 or FAR 97, the following minimum IFR altitude applies:
MINIMUM NAVIGATION PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION AIRSPACE- Designated airspace in which MNPS procedures are applied between MNPS certified and equipped aircraft. Under certain conditions, non-MNPS aircraft can operate in MNPSA. However, standard oceanic separation minima is provided between the non-MNPS aircraft and other traffic. Currently, the only designated MNPSA is described as follows:
MINIMUMS- Weather condition requirements established for a particular operation or type of operation; e.g., IFR takeoff or landing, alternate airport for IFR flight plans, VFR flight, etc.
MIS- (See METEOROLOGICAL IMPACT STATEMENT.)
MISSED APPROACH SEGMENT- (See SEGMENTS OF AN INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURE.)
MLDI- (See METER LIST DISPLAY INTERVAL.)
MLS- (See MICROWAVE LANDING SYSTEM.)
MNPS- (See MINIMUM NAVIGATION PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION.)
MNPSA- (See MINIMUM NAVIGATION PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION AIRSPACE.)
MOA- (See MILITARY OPERATIONS AREA.)
MOCA- (See MINIMUM OBSTRUCTION CLEARANCE ALTITUDE.)
MODE- The letter or number assigned to a specific pulse spacing of radio signals transmitted or received by ground interrogator or airborne transponder components of the Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System (ATCRBS). Mode A (military Mode 3) and Mode C (altitude reporting) are used in air traffic control.
MODE C INTRUDER ALERT- A function of certain air traffic control automated systems designed to alert radar controllers to existing or pending situations between a tracked target (known IFR or VFR aircraft) and an untracked target (unknown IFR or VFR aircraft) that requires immediate attention/action.
MONITOR ALERT (MA)- A function of the ETMS that provides traffic management personnel with a tool for predicting potential capacity problems in individual operational sectors. The MA is an indication that traffic management personnel need to analyze a particular sector for actual activity and to determine the required action(s), if any, needed to control the demand.
MONITOR ALERT PARAMETER (MAP)- The number designated for use in monitor alert processing by the ETMS. The MAP is designated for each operational sector for increments of 15 minutes.
MOVEMENT AREA- The runways, taxiways, and other areas of an airport/heliport which are utilized for taxiing/hover taxiing, air taxiing, takeoff, and landing of aircraft, exclusive of loading ramps and parking areas. At those airports/heliports with a tower, specific approval for entry onto the movement area must be obtained from ATC.
MOVING TARGET INDICATOR- An electronic device which will permit radar scope presentation only from targets which are in motion. A partial remedy for ground clutter.
MRA- (See MINIMUM RECEPTION ALTITUDE.)
MSA- (See MINIMUM SAFE ALTITUDE.)
MSAW- (See MINIMUM SAFE ALTITUDE WARNING.)
MTI- (See MOVING TARGET INDICATOR.)
MTR- (See MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES.)
MULTICOM- A mobile service not open to public correspondence used to provide communications essential to conduct the activities being performed by or directed from private aircraft.
MULTIPLE RUNWAYS- The utilization of a dedicated arrival runway(s) for departures and a dedicated departure runway(s) for arrivals when feasible to reduce delays and enhance capacity.
MVA- (See MINIMUM VECTORING ALTITUDE.)