Powered Parachute Flying Handbook

Chapter 11 — Approaches and Landings

Go-Arounds (Rejected Landings)

Whenever landing conditions are not satisfactory, a go-around is warranted. There are many factors that can contribute to unsatisfactory landing conditions. Situations such as air traffic control requirements, unexpected appearance of hazards on the runway, overtaking another powered parachute, wind shear, wake turbulence, mechanical failure and/or an unstabilized approach are all examples of reasons to discontinue a landing approach and make another approach under more favorable conditions. The assumption that an aborted landing is invariably the consequence of a poor approach, which in turn is due to insufficient experience or skill, is a fallacy. The go-around is not strictly an emergency procedure. It is a normal maneuver that may at times be used for normal situations. It does not need to be an emergency to do a go-around. Like any other normal maneuver, the goaround must be practiced and perfected. The flight instructor should emphasize early on, and the student pilot should understand, that the go-around maneuver is an alternative to any approach and/or landing.

Although the need to discontinue a landing may arise at any point in the landing process, the most critical go-around will be one started when very close to the ground. Therefore, the earlier a condition that warrants a go-around is recognized, the safer the go-around/ rejected landing will be. The go-around maneuver is not inherently dangerous in itself. It becomes dangerous only when delayed unduly or executed improperly.

Delay in initiating the go-around normally stems from two sources:

(1) landing expectancy, or set—the anticipatory belief that conditions are not as threatening as they are and that the approach will surely be terminated with a safe landing, and
(2) pride—the mistaken belief that the act of going around is an admission of failure—failure to execute the approach properly. The improper execution of the go-around maneuver stems from a lack of familiarity with the three cardinal principles of the procedure: power, power, and power.

Power is your first concern. The instant you decide to go around, full power must be applied smoothly and without hesitation, and held until the powered parachute climbs back to pattern altitude. Applying only partial power in a go-around is never appropriate. You must be aware of the degree of inertia that must be overcome, before a powered parachute that is settling towards the ground can become capable of turning safely or climbing. The application of power should be smooth as well as positive. Abrupt movements of the throttle in some powered parachutes will cause the engine to falter.

Common errors in the performance of go-arounds (rejected landings) are:

• Failure to recognize a condition that warrants a rejected landing.
• Indecision.
• Delay in initiating a go-around.
• Failure to apply maximum allowable power in a timely manner.
• Abrupt power application.
• Failure to adequately compensate for torque/ P-factor.

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