Powered Parachute Flying Handbook

Chapter 8 — Airspace Classification and Requirements

Class C Airspace

Class C airspace generally surrounds those airports having an operational control tower, are serviced by a radar approach control, and with a certain number of instrument flight (IFR) operations or passenger enplanements. This airspace is charted in mean sea level feet. Although the configuration of each Class C airspace is individually tailored, the airspace usually consists of a 5 NM radius core surface area that extends from the surface up to 4,000 feet above the airport elevation, and a 10 NM radius shelf area that extends no lower than 1,200 feet up to 4,000 feet above the airport elevation. Though not requiring regulatory action, Class C airspace areas have a procedural Outer Area. Normally this area is 20 NM from the primary Class C airspace airport. Within the outer area, pilots are encouraged to participate but it is not a VFR requirement. With proper communication equipment, a Mode C transponder, endorsements as required, and two-way communications established, a powered parachute may operate in Class C airspace though it may still not be advisable. A Mode C transponder is also required for overflying the Class C airspace.

Class D Airspace

Class D airspace is for smaller airports operating with a control tower and generally extends from the surface to 2,500 feet above the airport elevation surrounding those airports that have an operational control tower. The configuration of Class D airspace will be tailored to meet the operational needs of the area. At many Class D airports, the airspace is configured as a circle with a 4 nautical mile radius around the primary airport. Some are keyhole shaped. With the proper communication equipment, endorsements as required, and two-way communications established with ATC, a powered parachute may operate within Class D. If advised by ATC to remain clear of the Class D airspace the powered parachute pilot must comply and remain clear of the Class D airspace. Alternatives may include circumnavigating the Class D airspace and/or landing at an alternative airport.

Class E Airspace

Class E airspace is generally controlled airspace that is not designated A, B, C, or D. Except for 18,000 feet MSL, Class E airspace has no defined vertical limit, but rather it extends upward from either the surface or a designated altitude to the overlying or adjacent controlled airspace. With visibility and cloud clearance requirements met, powered parachute operations are not restricted. Most PPC operations take place in Class E airspace.

 ŠAvStop Online Magazine                                                                                                                                                       Contact Us              Return To Books

AvStop Aviation News and Resource Online Magazine

Grab this Headline Animator