CHAPTER 8—Emergency Open Sea Operations


Chop consists of small waves caused by local winds in excess of 14 knots. These small waves ride on top of the swell system and, if severe, may hide the underlying swell system. Alone, light and moderate chop are not considered dangerous for landings.


Night landings in seaplanes on open water are extremely dangerous with a high possibility of damage or loss of the seaplane. A night landing should only be performed in an extreme emergency when no other options are available. A night landing on a lighted runway exposes the seaplane to much less risk.

If operating at night, equip the seaplane with parachute flares, smoke floats, glow sticks, or other markers.

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