AVIATION HISTORY, AUSTRALIA
Contributions From Australians To World Aviation
Airports And Flight Space ManagementAIR SERVICES AUSTRALIA
In the unsettled period after W.W.1 there was little Government control
over aviation development. The Civil Aviation Branch was formed in March,
1921, as part of the Department of Defense. The Air Navigation Act of 1920
authorized it's formation as a federal agency.
Pilots' licenses (including flight crews) 50 64,000 Ground engineers 104 4,600 Aircraft registrations 56 6,800 Hours flown (approximate) 1,700 320,000 Government Aerodromes 9 440 Staff 19 10,800
By the beginning of 1936 demands for more aerodromes and facilities to meet civil aviation growth had grown, such that the Civil Aviation Board (still under Defense) was formed with two sub groups, Operations and Ground Organization. However, in 1939 the Department of Civil Aviation (separate from Defense) was authorized. By 1939 radio direction finding was at 8 sites and there were 5 radio beacons and, since a severe DC2 crash in 1938, a significant activity to improve safety. All of these measures proved invaluable during W.W.2 when General McArthur set up his Pacific head- quarters in Cairns, Queensland and air travel increased dramatically. In December, 1972, the labor government merged Civil Aviation with Transport to form one department; but in 1982 this was reversed and the name became Civil Aviation Authority in 1988 and restructuring followed. Later, in 1995, it was split into Air Services Australia and Civil Air Safety Authority.
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