1-7-1. OCEANIC POSITION REPORTING
a. Oceanic position reporting procedures call for aircraft reporting of all designated reporting points when following a designated oceanic route. Otherwise, positions shall be reported at designated lines of latitude and longitude. Flights whose tracks are predominantly east and west shall report over each 5 or 10 degrees meridian of longitude. Flights whose tracks are predominantly north and south shall report over each 5 or 10 degrees parallel of latitude. Reports over each 10 degrees parallel/meridian are to be made if the speed of the aircraft is such that 10 degrees will be traversed within 1hour +20 minutes or less.
b. Position reports should be transmitted at the time of crossing the designated reporting point or designated reporting line, or as soon thereafter as possible. Flights operating within international airspace should make position reports, either direct or for relay, in the following format:
1. Aircraft position1
2. Time over position in four digits
3. Flight level2
4. Next fix and estimate over next fix in four digits
5. Name of subsequent fix
1 For flights reporting coordinates rather than specified named reporting points, East-West oriented flights report latitude in degrees and minutes, longitude in degrees only. North-South oriented flights should report latitude in degrees only and longitude in degrees and minutes.
2 Pilots should note
that a flight level request on a filed plan does not constitute authority
to change flight level en route without a specific clearance, even though
the ATC clearance originally issued may specify "Cleared as filed" or "Cleared
via flight-planned route." These terms refer to the routing requested,
and not to altitude requests contained in the flight plan.
1-7-2. INTERNATIONAL FLIGHT PLANS
a. Flight plans are required for all flights into international and foreign airspace. The standard flight plan form is the FAA Form 7233-4, available at most U.S. FSSs. Flight plans must be transmitted to and should be received by ATC authorities in each ATC Region to be entered at least 2 hours prior to entry, unless otherwise stated in the various country requirements. It is extremely important that when filing flight plans in countries outside the U.S. inquiry be made by the pilot as to the method used for subsequent transmission of flight plan information to pertinent en route and destination points and of the approximate total elapsed time applicable to such transmissions.
b. The flight plan serves both the purpose of providing advance notice of foreign airspace penetration and the purpose of providing effective ATC procedures. For some foreign states, the flight plan is the only advance notice required; for others, it serves as a check against previously granted permission to enter national airspace .Acceptance of a flight plan and the issuance of a flight clearance by a foreign ATC unit does not constitute official approval for airspace penetration if prior permission for airspace penetration is required from civil aviation authorities and such permission has not been previously secured. Airspace violations arising in these instances are pursued, and inflight interception may result.
c. It is particularly important in the case of flights outside of U.S. airspace that pilots leave a complete itinerary and time schedule of the flight with someone directly concerned, and to keep that person advised of the flight's progress and inform him, prior to departing, that if serious doubt arises as to the safety of the flight, he should first contact an FAA FSS or the nearest U.S. Foreign Service Post (Embassy and Consular Office), as appropriate. Upon receipt of information from any source that an aircraft of U.S. Registry or an aircraft with U.S. citizens aboard is in distress or missing while on a journey in or over foreign territory or foreign territorial waters, all available information should be passed to the nearest U.S. Foreign Service Post (Embassy and Consular Offices) as well as the search and rescue facilities and services in the particular area of interest.
d. The International Flight Plan is shown below. The pages following contain instructions and examples for completing the flight plan form. The FAA complies with ICAO format, except that it does not accept cruising speed/level in metric terms.
Instructions for Completing the International Flight Plan
a. Use BLOCK CAPITALS when completing each item.
b. Adhere closely to the prescribed formats and manner of specifying data.
c. Commence inserting data in the first space provided. Where excess space is available leave unused spaces blank.
d. Insert all clock times in 4 figures UTC.
e. Insert all estimated elapsed times in 4 figures (hours and minutes).
f. Shaded area preceding Item 3 - to be completed by ATS and COM services, unless the responsibility for originating flight plan messages has been delegated.
The term "aerodrome" where used in the flight plan is intended to cover also sites other than aerodromes which may be used by certain types of aircraft, e.g. helicopters or balloons.
Complete Items 7 to 18 as indicated hereunder.
Complete also Item 19 as indicated hereunder, when so required by the appropriate ATS authority or when otherwise deemed necessary.
Item numbers on the form are not consecutive, as they correspond to Field Type numbers in ATS messages.
|ITEM 7: AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION (MAXIMUM 7 CHARACTERS)|
|INSERT||one of the following aircraft identifications, not exceeding 7 characters:|
|a. The registration marking of the aircraft (e.g. EIAKO, 4XBCD, N2567GA), when:|
|(1) In radiotelephony the call sign to be used by the aircraft will consist of this identification alone (e.g. OOTEK), or preceded by the ICAO telephony designator for the aircraft operating agency (e.g. SABENA OOTEK);|
|(2) The aircraft is not equipped with radio;|
The ICAO designator for the aircraft operating agency followed by the flight
identification number (e.g. KLM511, NGA213, JTR25) when in radiotelephony
the call sign to be used by the aircraft will consist of the ICAO telephony
designator for the operating agency followed by the flight identification
(e.g. KLM511, NIGERIA213, HERBIE25).
|ITEM 8: FLIGHT RULES AND TYPE OF FLIGHT (1 OR 2 CHARACTERS)|
|INSERT||one of the following letters to denote the category of flight rules with which the pilot intends to comply:|
||if IFR first*|
||if VFR first*|
|*If indicating either Y or Z, specify in Item 15 the point or points where a change of flight rules is planned.|
|Type of Flight|
|INSERT||one of the following letters to denote the type of flight when so required by the appropriate ATS authority:|
||if scheduled air transport|
||if non-scheduled air transport operation|
||if general aviation|
||if other than any of the defined categories above.|
|ITEM 9: NUMBER AND TYPE OF AIRCRAFT AND WAKE TURBULENCE DATA|
|Number of aircraft (1 or 2 characters)|
|INSERT||the number of aircraft, if more than one.|
|Type of aircraft (2 to 4 characters)|
|INSERT||the appropriate designator as specified in ICAO Doc 8643, Aircraft Type Designators,|
|OR||if no such designator has been assigned, or in case of formation flights comprising more than one type,|
|INSERT||ZZZZ, and SPECIFY in Item 18 the number(s) and type(s) of aircraft preceded by TYP/.|
|Wake Turbulence category (1 character)|
|INSERT||an oblique stroke followed by one of the following
letters to indicate the wake turbulence
category of the aircraft:
||HEAVY, to indicate an aircraft type with a maximum certificated take-off mass of 136,000 kg or more;|
||MEDIUM, to indicate an aircraft type with a
maximum certificated take-off mass of less than 136,000 kg
but more than 7,000 kg;
||LIGHT, to indicate an aircraft type with a maximum certificated take-off mass of 7,000 kg or less.|
|Radio communication, navigation and approach aid equipment|
|INSERT||one letter as follows:|
||if no COM/NAV/ approach aid equipment for the route to be flown is carried, or the equipment is unserviceable,|
||if standard COM/NAV/ approach aid equipment for the route to be flown is carried (See Note 1),|
|INSERT||one or more of the following letters to indicate the COM/NAV/ approach aid equipment available and serviceable:|
|Note 1||Standard equipment is considered to be VHF RTF, ADF, VOR and ILS, unless another combination is prescribed by the appropriate ATS authority.|
|Note 2||If the letter Z is used, specify in Item 18 the other equipment carried, preceded by COM/ and/or NAV/, as appropriate.|
|Note 3||If the letter J is used, specify in Item 18 the equipment carried, preceded by DAT/ followed by one or more letters, as appropriate.|
|Note 4||Information on navigation capability is provided to ATC for clearance and routing purposes.|
|Note 5||Inclusion of letter R indicates that an aircraft meets the RNP type prescribed for the route segment(s) and/or route(s) concerned.|
|INSERT||one or two of the following letters to describe the serviceable surveillance equipment carried:|
|A||Transponder - Mode A (4 digits - 4,096 codes)|
|C||Transponder - Mode A (4 digits - 4,096 codes) and Mode C|
|X||Transponder - Mode S without both aircraft identification and pressure-altitude transmission|
|P||Transponder - Mode S, including pressure-altitude transmission, but no aircraft identification transmission|
|I||Transponder - Mode S, including aircraft identification transmission, but no pressure-altitude transmission|
|S||Transponder - Mode S, including both pressure-altitude and aircraft identification transmission|
|INSERT||the ICAO four-letter Location Indicator of the departure aerodrome,|
|OR||if no Location Indicator has been assigned,|
|INSERT||ZZZ, and SPECIFY, in Item 18, the name of the aerodrome, preceded by DEP/,|
|OR||if the flight plan is received from an aircraft in flight,|
|INSERT||AFIL, and SPECIFY, in Item 18, the ICAO four-letter Location Indicator of the location of the ATS unit from which supplementary flight plan data can be obtained, preceded by DEP/,|
|THEN,||WITHOUT A SPACE|
|INSERT||for a flight plan submitted before departure, the estimated off-block time,|
|OR,||for a flight plan received from an aircraft in flight, the actual or estimated time over the first point of the route to which the flight plan applies.|
|INSERT||the first cruising speed as in (a) and the first cruising level as in (b), without a space between them.|
|THEN,||following the arrow, INSERT the route description as in (c).|
|(a) Cruising speed (maximum 5 characters)|
|INSERT||the True Air Speed for the first or the whole cruising portion of the flight, in terms of:|
|Kilometers per hour, expressed as K followed by 4 figures (e.g. K0830), or|
|Knots, expressed as N followed by 4 figures (e.g. N0285), or|
|Mach Number, when so prescribed by the appropriate ATS, to the nearest hundredth of unit Mach, expressed as M followed by 3 figures (e.g. M082).|
|(b) Cruising level (maximum 5 characters)|
|INSERT||the planned cruising level for the first or the whole portion of the route to be flown, in terms of:|
|Flight Level, expressed as F followed by 3 figures (e.g. F085; F330); or|
|Altitude in hundreds of feet, expressed as A followed by 3 figures (e.g. A045; A100); or|
|*Standard Metric Level in tens of metres, expressed as S followed by 4 figures (e.g. S1130); or|
|Altitude in tens of metres, expressed as M followed by 4 figures (e.g. M0840); or|
|for uncontrolled VFR flights, the letters VFR.|
|*When so prescribed by the ATS authorities.|
|(c) Route (including changes of speed, level and/or flight rules)|
|Flights along designated ATS routes|
|INSERT||if the departure aerodrome is located on or connected to the ATS route, the designator of the first ATS route,|
|OR,||if the departure aerodrome is not on or connected to the ATS route, the letters DCT followed by the point of joining the first ATS route, followed by the designator of the ATS route.|
|INSERT||each point at which either a change of speed or level, a change of the ATS route, and/or a change of flight rules is planned,|
|Note - When a transition is planned between a lower and upper ATS route and the routes are oriented in the same direction, the point of transition need not be inserted.|
|FOLLOWED IN EACH CASE|
|by the designator of the next ATS route segment, even if the same as the previous one,|
|OR,||by DCT, if the flight to the next point will be outside a designated route, unless both points are defined by geographical coordinates.|
|Flights outside designated ATS routes|
|INSERT||points normally not more than 30 minutes flying time or 370 km (200 NM) apart, including each point at which a change of speed or level, a change of track, or a change of flight rules is planned.|
|OR||when required by appropriate ATS authority (ies),|
|DEFINE||the track of flights operating predominantly
in an east-west direction between 70ºN and 70ºS by reference
to significant points formed by the intersections of half or whole degrees
of latitude with meridians spaced at intervals of 10 degrees of longitude.
For flights operating in areas outside those latitudes the tracks shall
be defined by significant points formed by the intersection of parallels
of latitude with meridians normally spaced at 20 degrees of longitude.
The distance between significant points shall, as far as possible, not
exceed one hour's flight time. Additional significant points shall be established
as deemed necessary.
For flights operating predominantly in a north-south direction, define tracks by reference to significant points formed by the intersection of whole degrees of longitude with specified parallels of latitude which are spaced at 5 degrees.
|INSERT||DCT between successive points unless both points are defined by geographical coordinates or by bearing and distance.|
|USE ONLY||the conventions in (1) to (5) below and SEPARATE each sub-item by a space.|
|(1) ATS route (2 to 7 characters)|
|The coded designator assigned to the route or route segment including, where appropriate, the coded designator assigned to the standard departure or arrival route (e.g. BCN1, B1, R14, UB10, KODAP2A).|
|Note - Provisions for the application of route designators are contained in Annex 11, Appendix 1, while guidance material on the application of an RNP type to a specific route segment(s), route(s) or area is contained in the Manual on Required Navigation Performance (RNP) (Doc 9613).|
|(2) Significant point (2 to 11 characters)|
|The coded designator (2 to 5 characters) assigned to the point (e.g. LN, MAY, HADDY), or,|
|if no coded designator has been assigned, one of the following ways:|
|Degrees only (7 characters):|
|2 figures describing latitude in degrees, followed by "N" (North) or "S" (South), followed by 3 figures describing longitude in degrees, followed by "E" (East) or "W" (West). Make up the correct number of figures, where necessary, by insertion of zeroes, e.g. 46N078W.|
|Degrees and minutes (11 characters):|
|4 figures describing latitude in degrees and tens and units of minutes followed by "N" (North) or "S" (South), followed by 5 figures describing longitude in degrees and tens and units of minutes, followed by "E" (East) or "W" (West). Make up the correct number of figures, where necessary, by insertion of zeroes, e.g. 4620N07805W.|
|Bearing and distance from a navigation aid:|
|The identification of the navigation aid (normally a VOR), in the form of 2 or 3 characters, then the bearing from the aid in the form of 3 figures giving degrees magnetic, THEN the distance from the aid in the form of 3 figures expressing nautical miles. Make up the correct number of figures, where necessary, by insertion of zeros, e.g. a point 180º magnetic at a distance of 40 nautical miles from VOR "DUB" should be expressed as DUB180040.|
|(3) Change of speed or level (maximum 21 characters)|
|The point at which a change of speed (5% TAS or 0.01 Mach or more) or a change of level is planned, expressed exactly as in (2) above, followed by an oblique stroke and both the cruising speed and the cruising level, expressed exactly as in (a) and (b) above without a space between them, even when only one of these quantities will be changed.|
|(4) Change of flight rules (maximum 3 characters)|
|The point at which the change of flight rules is planned, expressed exactly as in (2) or (3) above as appropriate, followed by a space and one of the following:|
|VFR if from IFR to VFR|
|IFR if from VFR to IFR|
|(5) Cruise climb (maximum 28 characters)|
|The letter C followed by an oblique stroke; THEN the point at which cruise climb is planned to start, expressed exactly as in (2) above, followed by an oblique stroke; THEN the speed to be maintained during cruise climb, expressed exactly as in (a) above, followed by the two levels defining the layer to be occupied during cruise climb, each level expressed exactly as in (b) above or the level above which cruise is planned followed by the letters PLUS, without a space between them.|
ELAPSED TIME, ALTERNATE AERODROME(S)
|Destination aerodrome and total estimated elapsed time (8characters)|
|INSERT||the ICAO four-letter location indicator of the destination aerodrome followed, without a space, by the total estimated elapsed time,|
|OR,||if no location indicator has been assigned,|
|INSERT||ZZZZ followed, without a space, by the total estimated elapsed time, and SPECIFY in Item 18 the name of the aerodrome, preceded by DEST/.|
For a flight plan received from an aircraft in flight, the total estimated elapsed time is the estimated time from the first point of the route to which the flight plan applies.
|Alternate aerodrome(s) (4 characters)|
|INSERT||the ICAO four-letter location indicator(s) of not more than two alternate aerodromes, separated by a space,|
|OR,||if no location indicator has been assigned to the alternate aerodrome,|
|INSERT||ZZZZ and SPECIFY in Item 18 the name of the aerodrome, preceded by ALTN/.|
|ITEM 18: OTHER INFORMATION|
|INSERT||0 (ZERO) IF NO OTHER INFORMATION,|
|OR,||any other necessary information in the preferred sequence shown hereunder, in the form of the appropriate indicator followed by an oblique stroke and the information to be recorded:|
|EET/||Significant points or FIR boundary designators
and accumulated estimated elapsed times to such points or FIR boundaries,
when so prescribed on the basis of regional air navigation agreements,
or by the appropriate ATS authority.
Examples: EET/CAP 0745 XYZ0830
|RIF/||The route details to the revised destination
aerodrome, followed by the ICAO four-letter location indicator of the aerodrome.
The revised route is subject to re-clearance in flight.
Examples: RIF/DTA HEC KLAX
|REG/||The registration markings of the aircraft, if different from the aircraft identification in Item 7.|
|SEL/||SELCAL Code, if so prescribed by the appropriate ATS authority.|
|OPR/||Name of the operator, if no obvious from the aircraft identification in Item 7.|
|STS/||Reason for special handling by ATS, e.g. hospital aircraft, one engine inoperative, e.g. STS/HOSP, STS/ONE ENG INOP.|
|TYP/||Type(s) of aircraft, preceded if necessary by number(s) of aircraft, if ZZZZ is inserted in Item 9.|
|PER/||Aircraft performance data, if so prescribed by the appropriate ATS authority.|
|COM/||Significant data related to communication equipment as required by the appropriate ATS authority, e.g. COM/UHF only.|
|DAT/||Significant data related to data link capability, using one or more of the letters, S, H, V, and M, e.g. DAT/S for satellite data link, DAT/H for HF data link, DAT/V for VHF data link, DAT/M for SSR Mode S data link.|
|NAV||Significant data related to navigation equipment as required by the appropriate ATS authority.|
|DEP/||Name of aerodrome, if ZZZZ is inserted in Item 13, or the ICAO four-letter location indicator of the location of the ATS unit from which supplementary flight plan data can be obtained, if AFIL is inserted in Item 13.|
|DEST/||Name of destination aerodrome, if ZZZZ is inserted in Item 16.|
|ALTN/||Name of destination alternate aerodrome(s), if ZZZZ is inserted in Item 16.|
|RALT/||Name of en route alternate aerodrome(s).|
|RMK/||Any other plain language remarks when required by the appropriate ATS authority or deemed necessary.|
|ITEM 19: SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION|
|After E/||INSERT a four-figure group giving the fuel endurance in hours and minutes.|
|Persons on board|
|After P/||INSERT the total number of persons (passengers and crew) on board, when required by the appropriate ATS authority. INSERT TBN (to be notified) if the total number of persons is not known at the time of filing.|
|Emergency and survival equipment|
|R/ (RADIO)||CROSS OUT U if UHF on frequency 243.0 MHz is not available. CROSS OUT E if emergency location beacon - aircraft (ELBA) is not available.|
|S/ (SURVIVAL EQUIPMENT)||CROSS OUT all indicators if survival equipment is not carried. CROSS OUT P if polar survival equipment is not carried. CROSS OUT D if desert survival equipment is not carried. CROSS OUT M if maritime survival equipment is not carried. CROSS OUT J if jungle survival equipment is not carried.|
|J/ (JACKETS)||CROSS OUT all indicators if life jackets are not carried. CROSS OUT L if life jackets are not equipped with lights. CROSS OUT F if life jackets are not equipped with fluorescein. CROSS OUT U or V or both as in R/ above to indicate radio capability of jackets, if any.|
|D/ (DINGHIES) (NUMBER)||CROSS OUT indicators D and C if no dinghies are carried, or INSERT number of dinghies carried; and|
|(CAPACITY)||INSERT total capacity, in persons, of all dinghies carried; and|
|(COVER)||CROSS OUT indicator C if dinghies are not covered; and|
|(COLOR)||INSERT color of dinghies, if carried.|
|A/ (AIRCRAFT COLOR AND MARKINGS)||INSERT color of aircraft and significant markings.|
|N/ (REMARKS)||CROSS OUT indicator N if no remarks, or INDICATE any other survival equipment carried and any other remarks regarding survival equipment.|
|C/ (PILOT)||INSERT name of pilot-in-command.|
|INSERT||the name of the unit, agency, or person filing the flight plan.|
|Acceptance of the flight plan|
|Indicate acceptance of the flight plan in the manner prescribed by the appropriate ATS authority.|
|Instructions for insertion of COM data|
|Items to be completed:|
|COMPLETE the top two shaded lines of the form, and COMPLETE the third shaded line only when necessary, in accordance with the provisions in PANS-RAC, Part IX, 2.1.2, unless ATS prescribes otherwise.|