Chapter 7. Safety of Flight

Section 1. Meteorology
7-1-1. National Weather Service Aviation Products 7-1-17. Reporting Prevailing Visibility
7-1-2. FAA Weather Services 7-1-18. Estimating Intensity of Rain and Ice Pellets
7-1-3. Use of Aviation Weather Products 7-1-19. Estimating Intensity of Snow or Drizzle (Based on Visibility)
7-1-4. Preflight Briefing 7-1-20.  Pilot Weather Reports (PIREPs)
7-1-5. En Route Flight Advisory Service (EFAS) 7-1-21. PIREPs Relating to Airframe Icing
7-1-6. Inflight Aviation Weather Advisories 7-1-22. Definitions of Inflight Icing Terms
7-1-7. Categorical Outlooks 7-1-23. PIREPs Relating to Turbulence
7-1-8. Telephone Information Briefing Service (TIBS) 7-1-24. Wind Shear PIREPs
7-1-9. Transcribed Weather Broadcast (TWEB) 7-1-25. Clear Air Turbulence (CAT) PIREPs
7-1-10. Inflight Weather Broadcasts 7-1-26. Microbursts
7-1-11. Flight Information Services (FIS) 7-1-27. PIREPs Relating to Volcanic Ash Activity
7-1-12. Weather Observing Programs 7-1-28. Thunderstorms
7-1-13. Weather Radar Services 7-1-29. Thunderstorm Flying
7-1-14. ATC Inflight Weather Avoidance Assistance 7-1-30. Key to Aerodrome Forecast (TAF) and Aviation
Routine Weather Report (METAR)
7-1-15. Runway Visual Range (RVR) 7-1-31. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
Weather Formats
7-1-16. Reporting of Cloud Heights    


Section 2. Altimeter Setting Procedures
7-2-1. General 7-2-4. High Barometric Pressure
7-2-2. Procedures 7-2-5. Low Barometric Pressure
7-2-3. Altimeter Errors


Section 3. Wake Turbulence
7-3-1. General 7-3-6. Vortex Avoidance Procedures
7-3-2. Vortex Generation 7-3-7. Helicopters
7-3-3. Vortex Strength 7-3-8. Pilot Responsibility
7-3-4. Vortex Behavior 7-3-9. Air Traffic Wake Turbulence Separations
7-3-5. Operations Problem Areas


Section 4. Bird Hazards and Flight
Over National Refuges, Parks, and Forests
7-4-1. Migratory Bird Activity 7-4-4. Reporting Bird and Other Wildlife Activities
7-4-2. Reducing Bird Strike Risks 7-4-5. Pilot Advisories on Bird and Other Wildlife Hazards
7-4-3. Reporting Bird Strikes 7-4-6. Flights Over Charted U.S. Wildlife Refuges, Parks, and
Forest Service Areas


Section 5. Potential Flight Hazards
7-5-1. Accident Cause Factors 7-5-8. Seaplane Safety
7-5-2. VFR in Congested Areas 7-5-9. Flight Operations in Volcanic Ash
7-5-3. Obstructions to Flight 7-5-10. Emergency Airborne Inspection of Other Aircraft
7-5-4. Avoid Flight Beneath Unmanned Balloons 7-5-11. Precipitation Static
7-5-5. Unmanned Aircraft Systems 7-5-12. Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (Laser) Operations and Reporting Illumination of Aircraft
7-5-6. Mountain Flying 7-5-13.
Flying in Flat Light and White Out Conditions
  7-5-7. Use of Runway Half-way Signs at Unimproved Airports   7-5-14. Operations in Ground Icing Conditions


Section 6. Safety, Accident, and Hazard Reports
7-6-1. Aviation Safety Reporting Program
7-6-2. Aircraft Accident and Incident Reporting
7-6-3. Near Midair Collision Reporting
7-6-4. Unidentified Flying Object (UFO) Reports



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