Chapter9 Chapter 9 - Landing Approaches and Landings

This chapter discusses the factors that affect an airplane during the landing approach and the landing under normal and critical circumstances, and the pilot's techniques for positively controlling those factors. The pilot must be able to make the transition from in-flight control with accuracy, smoothness, and positiveness. So that the pilot may better understand the factors that will influence judgment and technique, the last part of the approach pattern and the actual landing will be divided into five phases - the base leg, the final approach, the roundout, the touchdown, and the after landing roll.