INSTRUMENT PROCEDURES HANDBOOK
 

Chapter 1 IFR Operations in the National Airspace System

Introduction 1-1
Brief History of the National Airspace System1-2
National Airspace System Plans 1-3
RNAV Plans 1-4
System Safety 1-5
Accident Rates 1-5
Runway Incursion Statistics 1-6
System Capacity 1-6
Takeoffs and Landings 1-6
Air Traffic Control System Command Center 1-6
How the System Components Work Together 1-7
Users 1-8
Airlines 1-8
Corporate and Fractionals 1-9
General Aviation 1-9
Military 1-9
ATC Facilities 1-9
Air Route Traffic Control Center    1-10
Terminal Radar Approach Control 1-10
Control Tower . 1-10
Flight Service Stations  1-10
Flight Plans    1-10
Release Time    1-11
Expect Departure Clearance Time    1-11
Managing Safety and Capacity    1-11
System Design    1-11
Application of Area Navigation    1-11
RNAV IFR Terminal Transition Routes    1-12
Required Navigation Performance    1-13
Global Positioning System    1-15
GPS-Based Helicopter Operations    1-16
Reduced Vertical Separation Minimums    1-16
FAA Radar Systems    1-16
Airport Surveillance Radar    1-16
Air Route Surveillance Radar    1-17
Precision Runway Monitoring    1-17
Equipment and Avionics    1-18
ATC Radar Equipment    1-18
Automated Radar Terminal System    1-18
Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System    1-18
Precision Approach Radar    1-19
Bright Radar Indicator Terminal Equipment    1-19
Radar Coverage    1-19
Communications    1-20
Data Link    1-20
Mode S    1-20
Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System    1-20
Traffic Information Service    1-21
Terrain Awareness and Warning System    1-21
Graphical Weather Service    1-21
Avionics and Instrumentation    1-22
Flight Management System    1-22
Electronic Flight Information System    1-22
Navigation Systems    1-22
Surveillance Systems    1-23
Operational Tools    1-24
IFR Slots    1-24
Ground Delay Program    1-24
Flow Control    1-25
Land and Hold Short Operations    1-25
Surface Movement Guidance and Control System    1-25
Expect Changes in the ATC System    1-26
Disseminating Aeronautical Information    1-26
Publication Criteria    1-26
Aeronautical Charts    1-27
Notice to Airmen    1-30
Navigation Databases    1-32

 
 

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